What is Prostate Cancer?
Prostate cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells (tumor) in or around the prostate gland. The prostate gland is the part of the male reproductive system that produces fluid to help carry sperm.
Prostate Cancer Facts
- Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men
- 232,090 new cases in the United States in 2005
- Approximately 30% of ALL expected male cancer cases in 2007
- 1 out of 6 men will develop prostate cancer during his lifetime, compared to 1 out 8 women developing breast cancer. One man in 35 will die from it.
- Over 2 million American men currently live with prostate cancer
- Incidence has increased by 1.7% in the US from 1995-2002
Malignant vs. Benign
A tumor of the prostate gland can be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous) and usually grows over a long period of time. Malignant tumors that remain undetected can spread to other parts of the body, increasing the chances of death from the disease. On the contrary, if the disease is diagnosed early, it can be successfully treated.
Studies show a man's risk of developing prostate cancer increases after age 50. Studies also show that black men are twice as likely to develop the disease than white men. Additional research shows that a high-fat diet can put any man at a higher risk, as well as a family history or certain genetic factors.
A diet high in fiber and soy has been found to prevent the development and progression of the disease. You may also want to talk to your doctor about prostate screening.