Multiple Sclerosis Program
The Marcus Neuroscience Institute for multiple sclerosis (MS) and autoimmune
diseases focuses on addressing physical, emotional, cognitive and rehabilitation
needs of the MS patient and their family members through a team approach.
MNI offers state-of-the-art resources to provide the most advanced specialized
care, supported by an extensive program of research and education.
- Subspecialty-trained neurologist
- Neuro rehabilitation
- Clinical research
- Integration of neuro rehabilitation with spasticity management through
the use of pumps and botox injections
- Standard and investigational imaging provided through the 3T MR imaging
staffed by an expert team
- Latest pharmaceutical therapies delivered in a comfortable chair infusion
center right on campus
What is multiple sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is a condition that affects the central nervous system
(brain and spinal cord), which interrupts the flow of information within
the brain, and between the brain and body. MS may affect a person’s
mobility and their ability to coordinate muscles or their eyesight. The
disease is thought to be triggered in a genetically susceptible individual
by a combination of one or more environmental factors. In MS, the immune
system attacks tissue and cells within the central nervous system and
causes damage to nerve connections resulting in neurological symptoms.
MS may also impair functions such as bladder control, speech, concentration
or memory. This condition affects each person differently.
Who gets multiple sclerosis?
Anyone can develop MS but there are some patterns. Women are two to three
times more likely to develop it than men. Ages 20-50 are the most common
ages (although children have been identified). There are no specific genetic
factors that have been identified as of yet that MS is directly inherited
and it occurs in most ethnic groups.
Diagnosing MS can be difficult as there is no single test available. It
can only be diagnosed by recording a person’s clinical history and
ruling out other disease processes step by step. Also by completing a
thorough neurological exam we can differentially diagnose the presence
of MS or other diseases. Scanning tests, particularly MRI can help. A
confirmed diagnosis may take years if the condition is slow moving.
Types of Multiple Sclerosis
There are four primary types of MS:
- Primary progressing: gradual onset of disability that does not recover
- Relapsing/remitting: Most common symptoms develop suddenly and eases off
over days, weeks or months or resolves completely. Other attacks may leave
- Secondary Progressive: The relapsing/remitting form of MS develops into
secondary progressive MS for many people. The attacks become fewer but
the person’s disabilities gradually become more pronounced with
- Progressive/relapsing: A rare form of MS that involves the progressive
of disability together with relapses from the onset.
MS is unpredictable and no two people will have the same set of symptoms.
Main symptoms include fatigue, impaired vision, problems with balance
and walking, numbness or pain and other sensory changes, bladder and bowel
symptoms, tremors, problems with memory and concentration, mood changes
Symptoms may affect three main categories of function:
- Motor Function: disturbance in movement and coordination.
- Sensory Function: Skin sensations of touch, pain and temperature, double
vision, focusing or coping with harsh light at night.
- Cognitive (thinking and behavior). Difficulty concentrating for prolonged
periods, poor memory, varying moods or behavior.
At MNI we have developed a comprehensive program specifically designed
to evaluate the possible diagnosis and treatment for MS. Our team comprises
experienced healthcare professionals from several areas of medicine including
neurology, rehabilitation, pain management, psychiatry and pharmacy.
Many medications are available today to help people with MS. Some work
to slow the process of the disease and reduce the number of attacks while
others can be helpful in managing some of the symptoms of MS, such as
fatigue, stiffness, pain, bladder and bowel problems or mood difficulties. Other
treatments can also help shorten the course of symptoms during an attack.
Our team will talk with you after the testing and determine the appropriate
steps to take in managing your MS once a diagnosis is obtained.
Our team of infusion therapy experts work seamlessly with referring physicians
to ensure all medication is delivered safely, affordably and efficiently.
The Institute’s highly trained registered nurse infusion staff administers
infusions for adults with a spectrum of neurological conditions.
To schedule a consultation, please call 561-955-4600.